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Saturday Sunday Group rides 

 Knowledge Level: Beginner

If you have been following the British Cycling Training Plans, you may have already ridden with groups of riders or even joined a local club and taken part in their club-rides. If you’re not used to riding in a group, rolling away from the start line of a sportive surrounded by other riders can be intimidating and by not being comfortable in a group and being able to shelter from the wind, you’ll be making any ride significantly more difficult. 


The most important factor to successful group riding is communication. Make sure you know the meaning of and always pass any verbal signals through the group. As well as obvious shouts such as “slowing” and “braking”, others to be aware of are “car up”, meaning there is a car ahead to be aware of, “car back”, meaning there is a car behind and “single out”, meaning to adopt single file. Be aware there are local variations of these shouts, so use your eyes too. There are a number of hand signals you should also be aware of (see illustrations below).

Be aware

Stay relaxed in the group but constantly look around and don’t mindlessly follow the wheels. Look past the riders in front to get a heads up of the road ahead. Always look first and let the riders around you know before moving within the group.

Obey the rules of the road

Most Sportives take place on roads that are open to traffic and, even with those on closed roads, there’s no guarantee that there won’t be some traffic on the course, so ride accordingly. Respect junctions and always stay on the correct side of the road.

Ride consistently and predictably

Your movements will affect everyone in the group. Hold a straight line, don’t weave and always overtake around the right hand side of the group.  Don’t grab your brakes and, if you stand out of the saddle, don’t let your back wheel drop back. Also, when you come to a feed station, no matter how relieved you are to see it, don’t veer across the road.

Dont overlap wheels

In case the rider ahead needs to brake, don’t follow their rear wheel directly. It’s perfectly acceptable and you’ll get the same drafting benefit from riding six inches either side of it. However it’s essential that you don’t overlap their rear wheel as any sudden movements by them will be likely to bring both of your down.

Make sure both you and youre bike are prepared

Ensure your bike is well maintained as misfiring gears or poor brakes can make you a liability in a bunch. Carry suitable spares, clothing and some of your own food and drink so that you are self reliant. 

Avoid half wheeling

If road conditions and traffic allows you’ll often be riding two abreast. Maintain an even pace and stay level with the person next to you. Do not constantly up the pace whenever a rider draws level to you. Known as “half-wheeling” this is definitely frowned on.

Wheel suck

Don’t always sit amongst the wheels and shirk your stint on the front. Even if you just put in a few turns of the pedals it’ll be appreciated. However, even if you’re finding the pace easy, don’t get on the front and accelerate, try to maintain the pace of the group.

Dont ride in the gutter

If you’re on the front of the group, don’t sit in the gutter as you’ll be forcing everyone else to follow you increasing the likelihood of hitting obstructions such as drain covers and of picking up punctures. Where possible, ride 1 m out from the curb.

Expect the group to change

Groups will change, fragment and reform as the ride progresses. Expect larger groups on flat sections but, on longer climbs, they’ll break up. Similarly, on descents, riders will tend to string out to give more time to react at higher speeds.

Hand Signals

In addition to the standard directional signal of the left or right hand extended out to the side, which should be used whenever you are cycling on the public highway, see below some of the other common hand signals used when riding in a group situation.

Make yourself aware of these prior to going out on a group ride and also check with a group member which hand signals and verbal shouts they regularly use, as they can vary locally.   

One hand as if “gently patting an invisible dog”: This shows that the group is slowing down or just to ease the pace back a bit.

image: https://www.britishcycling.org.uk/921//zuvvi/media/bc_images/bc_izone/test/HAND_SIGNAL2.1422361292.jpg

Pointing down at the road sometimes with a circling motion: Indicates an obstruction or hazard on the road such as a pothole or drain cover that needs to be avoided. Be sensible with this one and only point out major obstacles that should be avoided. This signal is often accompanied with a call of ‘below’.

image: https://www.britishcycling.org.uk/921//zuvvi/media/bc_images/bc_izone/test/HAND_SIGNAL3.1422361294.jpg

Waving/pointing behind back:
 Indicates that there is an obstruction such as a parked car or pedestrian and that the whole group needs to move in the direction indicated to avoid it.

image: https://www.britishcycling.org.uk/921//zuvvi/media/bc_images/bc_izone/test/HAND_SIGNAL1.1422361291.jpg

There are also a number of video guides to group riding skills here to help improve your riding.

Read more at https://www.britishcycling.org.uk/knowledge/skills/article/izn20121221-group-ride-0#CF2ZiX9kmgDzkJDs.99

Cycling can be in very different conditions with very different machines, competitions and places.  This is a very varied sport and pastime - and serious mode of transport.

Time Trialling

The 'race of truth,' since sheer strength rather than tactics decide the outcome.  Time trialling is the most popular form of racing in the UK.  Individual and against the clock, you can't hide in a bunch. Time trials can form part of a stage race, or they can be an event in their own right. 

There are official time trials and 'club' events, open to anyone.  You get standard distances, most popularly 10 and 25 miles.  The great thing about time trials is that, unless you're going for the win, the only person you're competing against is yourself.  And the beauty about standard distances is that you can keep accurate tabs on form and fitness as the season progresses.

Road racing

Road Racing is massed-start cycle racing on roads or circuits (criterium races).  The first rider over the finish line wins, with anything from a few to almost 200 competitors, depending on the event. In the UK, events range from short Youth and Juvenile (under16) races of 50km or less, through club level events for adults of between 40km and 100km, to Elite-level one day races of 200km or more.  The majority of adult racing takes place on public roads, though there are a number of circuit events in the South and South West, either on motor racing circuits such as Thruxton and Castle Combe or on an airfield such as Merryfield, Ilton.

Tactics play a huge part in deciding the outcome of road races. Largely this is because, in the relative comfort of the bunch, wind resistance is reduced to a minimum and riders can conserve energy.  If you want to win, however, you have to poke your nose in front at some stage; the trick is in judging when.  Strong riders can go for a long, lone break.  Featherweight climbers can gain an advantage in the mountains.  Bulky sprinters generally gamble on the last 200 metres.

Leisure cycling / Touring 

Leisure cycling takes many forms and can be enjoyed by all ages. It's about enjoyment, fitness, exploring, and much more. You may cycle purely for leisure on or off road, for purposeful transport to and from work or school, or to chill out after a competition. It is something that you can do at your own pace or with a group of friends.

Mountain biking is a fantastic way to get dirty and enjoy your self.  Whether it be in competition or just getting out on an off-road bike through the woods and over the fields. Go with friends or out on your own remember always let someone know your route when riding alone and an estimated return time.  Enjoy your pedalling. from GDW    3-Day stage race at Easter, the Tour of the Kingdom in May, the Tour of Moray in July and the Grand Prix series. In recent years a Development series has been established for young riders and beginners.